Guanacaste National Park in Costa Rica

Guanacaste National Park in Costa Rica

The Guanacaste National Park is located in the province of Guanacaste, North Pacific of Costa Rica, 36 kilometers north of the city of Liberia, this park was created on June 5, 1991, through Executive Order. It has an area of 32,512 hectares. It contains a wide biological diversity distributed in the forests: very humid tropical, humid tropical, cloudy and dry tropical.

The upper parts of the park are represented by the massifs of the volcanoes Orosi and Cocoa. It is also important to mention that among the hill of Orosilito and the Volcano Cocoa, the Tempisque River is born, that together with other rivers like the Colorado and Ahogado, will form the Tempisque River, the main collector of Guanacaste.

For its size, diversity, and location, both on the Atlantic side and the Pacific of Costa Rica, the park has a great diversity in its evergreen rain forest. The forest on the tops of Cocoa and Orosi volcanoes is primary, excel as the epiphytes bromeliads and orchids, there are ferns, mosses, and Araceae. In this park in Costa Rica, there are about 3,000 species of plants. The dominant species are the Marie, the Tempisque, the cork oak, the capulín, the jicaro danto, and the golden fruit.

There are a lot of birds, is easy to find 300 species, including the kettle, the goldfinch, the Oropéndola of Montezuma, the Tuccillo, the king of zopilotes, the oropopo or owl eyeglasses, the bird bell, the umbrella bird, the magpie, and The cargahuesos, among others. Some of the most representative mammals are the tepezcuinte, deer, jaguar, the cariblanco, puma, the tapir, the pizote, the peccary, armadillo, the two fingers sloth, and the tolomuco.

Estimates about the number of species of butterflies are about 5,000 species.